To start off the summer right, let’s talk about June. June is pride month. With all the history written on pride (see resources below), I thought I’d take a more visual approach to covering pride, by using photos. I’ll show some of the history and then some photos from different pride celebrations in different locations. Let’s take a look, shall we?
1966 Most timelines I’ve been looking at start with the 1969 Stonewall Riots, but the first LGBTQ-related riots was actually at Compton’s Cafeteria in San Francisco. You can read more about it here.
1969 As someone from the east coast right outside NYC, I did a project in college on the Stonewall Inn. It was a very unique day, as my friend and I ran into a protest going on, but still a fun time. The Stonewall Riots was really the what started it all, specifically started by queer woman of color rising up against police brutality. Their names are Marsha P. Johnson and Sylvia Rivera. You may have heard the saying, “The first gay pride was a riot.” You can read more about the Stonewall Riots here and here and hear from the folks involved here.
1976 Black Pride is created for gay men and women who are LGBTQ.A Memorial Day Weekend festival in Washington, DC became known as Black Pride for folks who hold these intersectional identities. Folks held what became an annual gathering called Children’s Hour the ClubHouse. The last Children’s Hour was held in the late 1980s when the ClubHouse closed due to low membership, in part due to the AIDS Crisis.
1978 Almost ten years later, San Franscisco’s Gilbert Baker created the first rainbow flag to represent LGBTQ pride. Originally, the colors were:
Pink (for sexuality and reclaimed of gay men in Nazi Germany’s concentration camps being marked with a pink triangles (BCC)
Red (for life)
Orange (for healing)
Yellow (for sunlight)
Green (for nature)
Turquise/Blue (for magic/art)
Indigo (for harmony/serenity)
Violet (for spirit)
You probably noticed the pink strip in no longer part of the rainbow flag. Historically, this is because Baker hand-died his flags and hot pink was not commercially available (The Rainbow Flag).
Jump to 2017 The city of Philadelphia adds black and brown to their pride flag to be inclusive of LGBTQ POC. Some cities (like here in Portland) have made it more known, but it did receive some backlash. You can read about it here.
Pride Celebrations in a Snapshot
Now that I’ve shared a bit about the history of pride and ways you can learn more, let’s me show you some photos of different ways pride is celebrated. Check it out
San Francisco, California
New York City, New York
Taipei, Taiwan (East Asia)
Sydney, Australia (Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras)
Johannesburg, South Africa
Mexico City, Mexico
I hope this let you take a look at a little bit of the history of pride and how it’s celebrated in different parts of the world. A big thanks to the photographers who make these beautiful photos accessible and free. Happy Pride y’all!
Grace, J.T. What Is So Symbolic About The Rainbow Within the LGBT Community? Huffington Post. https://www.huffingtonpost.com/entry/what-is-so-symbolic-about-the-rainbow-within-the-lgbt_us_5927211ee4b065b396c06b11
Pasulka, N. Ladies in the Streets: Before Stonewall, Transgender Uprising Changed Lives. NPR Code Switch. https://www.npr.org/sections/codeswitch/2015/05/05/404459634/ladies-in-the-streets-before-stonewall-transgender-uprising-changed-lives
The Rainbow Flag. http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs/usr/scotts/bulgarians/rainbow-flag.html
Paynter, K. Why Philly’s New Pride Flag Has Black and Brown Stripes. Yes! Magazine. http://www.yesmagazine.org/people-power/why-phillys-new-pride-flag-has-black-and-brown-stripes-20170627
Who Was At Stonewall? PBS. https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/americanexperience/features/stonewall-participants/
Schlaffer, N. The Unsung Heriones of Stonewall: Marsha P. Johnson and Sylvia Rivera. Women in History. https://sites.psu.edu/womeninhistory/2016/10/23/the-unsung-heroines-of-stonewall-marsha-p-johnson-and-sylvia-rivera/
Nelson, T. R. A Movement on the Verge: The Spark of Stonewall. James Madison University. http://commons.lib.jmu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1014&context=madrush
Children’s Hour. Rainbow History. https://rainbowhistory.omeka.net/exhibits/show/clubhouse/events-at-clubhouse/childrens-hour
The Black Movement and the Center for Black Equity. Center for Black Equity. https://centerforblackequity.org/about-us/history/
Desta, Y. The Evolution of the Pride Parade from Somber March to Celebration. https://mashable.com/2014/06/10/pride-parade-evolution/#AxkVtLL5jZq7
Sexplanations. History of Pride. Youtube. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ulVIedlRmR4
Bruce, K. M. Pride Parades: How a Parade Changed the World. New York University. 2016.